First, you need to tell apt-get how to find OpenNMS. Add the following contents to your /etc/apt/sources.lists file:deb http://debian.opennms.org stable main
deb-src http://debian.opennms.org stable main
(If you wish the latest development version of OpenNMS, which may include features not available in the current stable release, use unstable instead of stable.)
deb http://debian.opennms.org unstable main
deb-src http://debian.opennms.org unstable main
Add the OpenNMS PGP Key to APT
The official OpenNMS packages are signed with a GPG / PGP key. The fingerprint for the official release key is:
22EE DDA6 8698 B02F B2EC 50B7 062B 8A68 4C4C BBD9
You will need to tell APT about the key:
sudo wget -O – http://debian.opennms.org/OPENNMS-GPG-KEY | sudo apt-key add –
Installing the JDKIt is recommended that you install the the latest Sun/Oracle JDK.
First, you will need to make sure the package list is up-to-date:
sudo apt-get update
Then, install OpenNMS:
sudo apt-get install opennms
It should ask you if you want the opennms-webapp-jetty (embedded web server) or opennms-webapp-standalone (use tomcat for the web server) package. The default (opennms-webapp-jetty) is recommended unless you have a specific need to run OpenNMS in an external servlet container.
On older Debian and Ubuntu releases
Installing on older Debian or Ubuntu releases involves additional steps to get a Sun Java 5 or Java 6 JDK. Instructions are available online, but if possible, save yourself the trouble and use a newer release that includes Sun Java in the default repositories.
First, for the purposes of convenience, we are going to set the $OPENNMS_HOME environment variable before running any commands.
(If you are not using a bourne-compatible shell, you may need to use different syntax.)
Configure Your Database
OpenNMS needs to be able to connect to PostgreSQL as the “postgres” user (by default) over a TCP/IP connection.
sudo /etc/init.d/postgresql-X.X start
pg_hba.conf and postgresql.conf are in /etc/postgresql/X.X/main
Edit pg_hba.conf to Allow postgres to Authenticate
To allow the “postgres” user to connect, you will need to edit your database’s pg_hba.conf file, which is usually created on installation or the first startup of PostgreSQL, depending on your distribution: By default, it will have something like this at the bottom:
local all all ident sameuser
host all all 127.0.0.1/32 ident sameuser
host all all ::1/128 ident sameuser
You will need to change “ident sameuser” to “trust”:
local all all trust
host all all 127.0.0.1/32 trust
host all all ::1/128 trust
Edit postgresql.conf to Allow TCP/IP Connections
You may also need to change the postgresql.conf to allow TCP/IP connections, if it cannot do so already.
On newer PostgreSQL versions, this is enabled with:
# you can use “*” to listen on all addresses
listen_addresses = ‘localhost’
Also be sure that the max # of connections is configured to > than c3p0.maxPoolSize in $OPENNMS_HOME/etc/c3p0.properties (50 by default) +10.
max_connections = 60
port = 5432
(Note: this may cause you to do some kernel tuning for max shared memory in the kernel (shmmax))
Restart the Database
Once you’ve made these changes, you need to restart your database.
Create the opennms Database
If not done, use “sudo -u postgres createdb -U postgres -E UNICODE opennms” to create the database in postgres.
Insert the IPLIKE Stored Procedure in the Database
If this is your first time installing OpenNMS or iplike, you should make sure that iplike is configured in your database. First you need to install the iplike package from OpenNMS package repositories.
For DEB-based distributions using APT (use suffix pgsql74, pgsql81, pgsql82, or pgsql83 according to the version of PostgreSQL on your system):
sudo apt-get install iplike-pgsql83
If the OpenNMS database is already configured, you are good to go. If not, you have to issue manually:
sudo /usr/share/opennms/bin/runjava -s
This will search $JAVA_HOME and other common locations for your JDK. If you wish to use a specific JDK, you can run it with the -S flag instead:
sudo /usr/share/opennms/bin/runjava -S /usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.7.0_06/bin/java
Add the JAVA_HOME in /etc/default/opennms
Initialize OpenNMS and the Database
Next, you need to run the OpenNMS installer, which will initialize the OpenNMS database, and do some other basic setup. Upon upgrade, you should run this command again to make sure your database schema and other things required at startup are up-to-date.
In most cases, you can just run:
sudo /usr/share/opennms/bin/install -dis
Sometimes you may need to tell OpenNMS where to find libjicmp.so; in that case, you can use the -l option (OpenNMS 1.3.5 and higher):
# i386 example
$OPENNMS_HOME/bin/install -dis -l /usr/lib/jni:/usr/lib
# x86_64 example
$OPENNMS_HOME/bin/install -dis -l /usr/lib64/jni:/usr/lib64
If you have an error durring the install process about language “plpgsql” does not exist, you can try :
createlang -U postgres plpgsql opennms
You should have a basic OpenNMS installation ready now, so start it up:
sudo /etc/init.d/opennms start
As of OpenNMS 1.3.7, by default, the web UI will come up using the embedded Jetty servlet container, on port 8980. Open your browser and point it at:
the user name and password are both “admin” to start.
Discover Your Network
First, OpenNMS needs to know which devices (or, “nodes”) you want it to discover. To discover nodes, OpenNMS does a ping sweep on IP address ranges that you configure it to discover. If an IP address that OpenNMS is not already managing responds to a discovery ping, then OpenNMS will begin scanning that IP address for services, create a new node in its database, and begin monitoring the node’s interfaces and services. A new install of OpenNMS will not perform any discovery until you add one or more address ranges to the discovery configuration. You do this by logging into the web UI as the admin user and navigating to the Admin menu and then clicking on ‘Configure Discovery’ under the Operations section.
In the Include Ranges section of the Home / Admin / Discovery / Modify Configuration page, click on the ‘Add New’ button. In the window that pops up, enter the beginning and ending IP addresses for the range that you wish to include for discovery. The default values for Retries and Timeout are usually appropriate. Click the ‘Add’ button, and the popup window will close and the new range will show up in the Include Ranges section. Click the ‘Save and Restart Discovery’ button to apply your changes. Discovery of the newly added range will begin within a few seconds; the ping requests and service scans are spread out over time to avoid flooding your network, so it will take some time for all nodes in your newly added range to be scanned and discovered.
For more detailed information on discovery configuration, including how to add IP addresses manually to the discovery configuration file, see Discovery.
Get Notifications When Problems Occur
To get started, we need to configure the main admin user to have a valid e-mail address.
1. Log in as admin to the web UI
2. Go to Admin in the menu bar
3. Under the Operations section, set the Notification Status radio button to On and click the Update button
4. Under the OpenNMS System section, go to Configure Users, Groups and Roles and then Configure Users
5. click the icon under “Modify” for the admin user
6. set the Email address, and click the Finish button
This should get OpenNMS configured to send the default notifications to the administrator e-mail address.
Notifications are extremely flexible and can be configured to do complex escalations, scheduled outages, and user management. Detailed instructions are available in the Notification Configuration How-To.